The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion is a wide-ranging, comparative study of mythology and religion. It attempts to define the shared elements of. The Golden Bough. a study of magic and religion. Sir James George Frazer. Abridged Edition. The text derives from the abridged edition. This web edition. Author: Frazer James George Title: The golden bough: A study of magic and religion Year: Link download.
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THE GOLDEN BOUGH. Sir James Frazer. The Golden Bough describes our ancestors' primitive methods of worship, sex practices, strange rituals and festivals. The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Golden Bough (Vol. 1 of. 2) by James George Frazer. This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no. The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion (Third Edition, Vol. 5 of 12) by James. George Frazer.
The Golden Bough: Thus, for example, on the crucial question of the practice of putting kings to death either at the end of a fixed period or whenever their health and strength began to fail, the body of evidence which points to the wide prevalence of such a custom has been considerably augmented in the interval. The Golden Bough was first published in two volumes in ; in three volumes in ; and in twelve volumes in the third edition, published — Aimed at a broad literate audience raised on tales as told in Bulfinch's The Age of Fable , Frazer's book joined the modernists in discussing religion dispassionately as a cultural phenomenon, rather than from within the field of theology itself. Corte Madera: Views Read Edit View history. Infobase Publishing.
Meantime a wish has often been expressed that the book should be issued in a more compendious form. This abridgment is an attempt to meet the wish and thereby to bring the work within the range of a wider circle of readers.
While the bulk of the book has been greatly reduced, I have endeavoured to retain its leading principles, together with an amount of evidence sufficient to illustrate them clearly. The language of the original has also for the most part been preserved, though here and there the exposition has been somewhat condensed.
In order to keep as much of the text as possible I have sacrificed all the notes, and with them all exact references to my authorities. Readers who desire to ascertain the source of any particular statement must therefore consult the larger work, which is fully documented and provided with a complete bibliography. In the abridgment I have neither added new matter nor altered the views expressed in the last edition; for the evidence which has come to my knowledge in the meantime has on the whole served either to confirm my former conclusions or to furnish fresh illustrations of old principles.
Thus, for example, on the crucial question of the practice of putting kings to death either at the end of a fixed period or whenever their health and strength began to fail, the body of evidence which points to the wide prevalence of such a custom has been considerably augmented in the interval. A striking instance of a limited monarchy of this sort is furnished by the powerful mediaeval kingdom of the Khazars in Southern Russia, where the kings were liable to be put to death either on the expiry of a set term or whenever some public calamity, such as drought, dearth, or defeat in war, seemed to indicate a failure of their natural powers.
The evidence for the systematic killing of the Khazar kings, drawn from the accounts of old Arab travellers, has been collected by me elsewhere. Africa, again, has supplied several fresh examples of a similar practice of regicide. Among them the most notable perhaps is the custom formerly observed in Bunyoro of choosing every year from a particular clan a mock king, who was supposed to incarnate the late king, cohabited with his widows at his temple-tomb, and after reigning for a week was strangled.
That festival in its turn has lately received fresh light from certain Assyrian inscriptions, which seem to confirm the interpretation which I formerly gave of the festival as a New Year celebration and the parent of the Jewish festival of Purim.
Other recently discovered parallels to the priestly kings of Aricia are African priests and kings who used to be put to death at the end of seven or of two years, after being liable in the interval to be attacked and killed by a strong man, who thereupon succeeded to the priesthood or the kingdom. With these and other instances of like customs before us it is no longer possible to regard the rule of succession to the priesthood of Diana at Aricia as exceptional; it clearly exemplifies a widespread institution, of which the most numerous and the most similar cases have thus far been found in Africa.
How far the facts point to an early influence of Africa on Italy, or even to the existence of an African population in Southern Europe, I do not presume to say.
The pre-historic historic relations between the two continents are still obscure and still under investigation. Whether the explanation which I have offered of the institution is correct or not must be left to the future to determine.
For the musical group, see Golden Bough band. For the tale by Virgil , see The Golden Bough mythology.
Encyclopedia of British Writers, to the Present. Infobase Publishing. CS1 maint: The Golden Bough. Extra text: A Study in Magic and Religion. Part 1: The Magic Art and the Evolution of Kings. The Macmillan Press. The unpublished Frazer Lecture". Journal of Ethnographic Theory 1. Archived from the original on 22 September History of Religions Sheffield Academic Press, p. Angus , Frazer and the Golden Bough , London: Victor Gallancz, p.
Langness Editor An Informal History of Social Anthropology". The Study of Culture. Corte Madera: The Scapegoat. Johns Hopkins University Press.
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