Bhagat Singh's Jail Notebook. Chaman Lal. Bhagat Singh dead, will be more dangerous to the British enslavers than Bhagat Singh alive. After I am hanged, the. Home >> Books >> View All Books >> Shaheed-E-Azam Bhagat Singh Di Jail Diary Download PDF 17 MB Custodian, Gurdev Singh Sidhu, Dr. Shaheed Bhagat Singh Di Jail Diary - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) Punjabi Translation of Bhagat Singh's Jail Diary. A Martyr's Note book.
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PDF | 50+ minutes read | On Oct 27, , Chaman Lal and others published Two The author of epic on Bhagat Singh in Punjabi language, Professor Didar . PDF | On Oct 19, , C. Lal and others published A short of books and some documents were taken by Bhagat Singh's younger brother. Bhagat Singh has 27 books on Goodreads with ratings. Bhagat Singh's most popular book is Why I Am An Atheist: An Autobiographical Discourse.
Kesav Prasad Guru Editor. BGC Program Design With Pascal: A This is sheer mysticism. I could not help laughing at their proposals. It never occurred to me that sometime in the future I would be involved in polemics of this kind.
Vishwanath Mishra Translated in Punjabi By: Sarjeet Talwar. BC HI: AIGG fi - ,? BC BF AHCE , fi D AC EB. AA fi z FB: Mittilegendes Institus for Orient fors chung. Josh, Baba Sohan Singh Bhakna. New Delhi, P. Hardas Armed Struggle for freedom - Poona P. Delhi P. IA A IA B , , C AI B B D DH A BGA A. BGC BHG D ADD CBG CCB CEC A B C CI A. A CH CE. B C DC D. EH GH AE, , C, , AD C AHCE ,: FD A. HA A. HG HH AH - ABG-C D. I have never been able to understand how unfounded, baseless pride or empty vanity can hinder a person from believing in God.
I may refuse to acknowledge the greatness of a really great person only when I have got fame without doing any serious efforts or when I lack the superior mental powers necessary to become great. It is easy to understand but how is it possible that a believer can turn into a non-believer because of his vanity? Only two things are possible: In both these states of mind he cannot be an atheist in the true sense of the word. It does not harm our argument whether he claims to be a god or considers God to be a reality in existence above his own being.
The real point, however, is that in both cases he is a theist, a believer. He is not an atheist. I want to bring home this point to you. I am not one of these two creeds. I totally reject the existence of an Omnipresent, all powerful, all knowing God.
Why so? I will discuss it later in the essay. Here I wish to emphasise that I am not an atheist for the reason that I am arrogant or proud or vain; nor am I a demi-god, nor a prophet; no, nor am I God myself.
At least one thing is true that I have not evolved this thought because of vanity or pride. In order to answer this question I relate the truth. My friends say that after Delhi bombing and Lahore Conspiracy Case, I rocketed to fame and that this fact has turned my head. Let us discuss why this allegation is incorrect. I did not give up my belief in God after these incidents.
I was an atheist even when I was an unknown figure. At least a college student cannot cherish any sort of exaggerated notion of himself that may lead him to atheism. It is true that I was a favourite with some college teachers, but others did not like me. I was never a hardworking or studious boy.
I never got an opportunity to be proud. I was very careful in my behaviour and somewhat pessimistic about my future career.
I was not completely atheistic in my beliefs. I was brought up under the care and protection of my father. He was a staunch Arya Samaji. An Arya Samaji can be anything but never an atheist.
After my elementary education, I was sent to D. V College, Lahore. I lived in the boarding house for one year. Besides prayers early in the morning and at dusk time, I sat for hours and chanted religious Mantras. At that time, I was a staunch believer.
Then I lived with my father. He was a tolerant man in his religious views. It is due to his teachings that I devoted my life for the cause of liberating my country. But he was not an atheist. His God was an all-pervading Entity. He advised me to offer my prayers every day. In this way I was brought up. In the Non-cooperation days, I got admission to the National College. During my stay in this college, I began thinking over all the religious polemics such that I grew sceptical about the existence of God.
In spite of this fact I can say that my belief in God was firm and strong. In spite of this I could not convince myself of the efficacy of Sikh religion or any religion at all, for that matter. But I had an unswerving, unwavering belief in God. Then I joined the Revolutionary Party. The first leader I met had not the courage to openly declare himself an atheist.
He was unable to reach any conclusion on this point. Whenever I asked him about the existence of God, he gave me this reply: I should mention his name. It was our respected Comrade Sachindara Nath Sanyal.
He was sentenced to life imprisonment in connection with Karachi conspiracy case. See the last page of the second part of this book and you find praises showered upon God in the way of a mystic. It is a clear reflection of his thoughts. So often it happens that in revolutionary activities a leader expresses his own ideas which may be very dear to him, but in spite of having differences, the other workers have to acquiesce in them.
In that leaflet, one full paragraph was devoted to the praises of God and His doings which we, human beings, cannot understand. This is sheer mysticism.
What I want to point out is that the idea of denying the existence of God did not even occur to the Revolutionary Party. The famous Kakory martyrs, all four of them, passed their last day in prayers.
Ram Parshad Bismal was a staunch Arya Samaji. In spite of his vast studies in Socialism and Communism, Rajan Lahiri could not suppress his desire to recite hymns from Upanishads and Gita. There was but only one person among them who did not indulge in such activities. But he also never dared to deny the existence of God.
Till that time I was only a romantic revolutionary, just a follower of our leaders.
Then came the time to shoulder the whole responsibility. For some time, a strong opposition put the very existence of the party into danger. Many leaders as well as many enthusiastic comrades began to uphold the party to ridicule. They jeered at us. I had an apprehension that some day I will also consider it a futile and hopeless task.
It was a turning point in my revolutionary career. An incessant desire to study filled my heart. And I began to study in a serious manner. My previous beliefs and convictions underwent a radical change.
The romance of militancy dominated our predecessors; now serious ideas ousted this way of thinking. No more mysticism! No more blind faith! Now realism was our mode of thinking. At times of terrible necessity, we can resort to extreme methods, but violence produces opposite results in mass movements. I have talked much about our methods.
The most important thing was a clear conception of our ideology for which we were waging a long struggle. As there was no election activity going on, I got ample opportunity to study various ideas propounded by various writers. I studied Bakunin, the anarchist leader. I read a few books of Marx, the father of Communism. I also read Lenin and Trotsky and many other writers who successfully carried out revolutions in their countries. All of them were atheists. His point of view was a sort of mystical atheism.
I developed more interest in this subject. By the end of , I was convinced that the belief in an Almighty, Supreme Being who created, guided and controlled the universe had no sound foundations.
I began discussions on this subject with my friends. I had openly declared myself an atheist. What it meant will be discussed in the following lines.
In May , I was arrested in Lahore. This arrest came as a big surprise for me. I had not the least idea that I was wanted by the police. I was passing through a garden and all of a sudden the police surrounded me.
To my own surprise, I was very calm at that time. I was in full control of myself. I was taken into police custody. The next day I was taken to the Railway Police lockup where I spent a whole month. I felt they had some intelligence of my other activities in the revolutionary movement. They told me that I was in Lucknow during the Kakori Party Trial so that I might devise a scheme to rescue the culprits.
They also said that after the plan had been approved, we procured some bombs and by way of test, one of those bombs was thrown into a crowd on the occasion of Dussehra in They offered to release me on condition that I gave a statement on the activities of the Revolutionary Party.
In this way I would be set free and even rewarded and I would not be produced as an approver in the court. I could not help laughing at their proposals. It was all humbug. People who have ideas like ours do not throw bombs at their own innocent people.
One day, Mr. Newman, the then senior Superintendent of CID, came to me. After a long talk which was full of sympathetic words, he imparted to me what he considered to be sad news, that if I did not give any statement as demanded by them, they would be forced to send me up for trial for conspiracy to wage war in connection with Kakori Case and also for brutal killings in Dussehra gathering.
After that he said that he had sufficient evidence to get me convicted and hanged. I was completely innocent, but I believed that the police had sufficient power to do it if they desired it to be so. The same day some police officers persuaded me to offer my prayers to God two times regularly. I was an atheist. I thought that I would settle it to myself whether I could brag only in days of peace and happiness that I was an atheist, or in those hard times I could be steadfast in my convictions.
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