Free download or read online Bharathiyar History tamil pdf book from the category of Alphabet B. PDF file size of Bharathiyar History is MB. If you want to. Bharathiyar - Biography_ Bharathiyar - Life History - Download as PDF File .pdf), in his life. As a Tamil poet he ranked with Ilanko, Thiruvalluvar and Kamban. Bharathiyar Biography - Download as Open Office file .odt), PDF File .pdf), Text File Mahakavi Subramania Bharathiar was one of the greatest Tamil poets, Bharathiar was born on December 11, in Ettayapuram, which is now part of .
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15 டிசம்பர் பாரதியார் வாழ்க்கை வரலாறு PDF. பாரதியார் Labels: bharathiyar, life history, magakavi, pdf, tamil. Chinnaswami Subramania Bharathi, also known as Bharathiyar (11 December – 12 September ), was a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, Indian independence activist and a social reformer from Tamil Nadu. Popularly known as "Mahakavi Bharathi", he was a pioneer of modern Tamil Bharati was born on 11 December in the village of Ettayapuram. The State of Affairs when the Poet was born Bharati was born on the frontier of two eras; . than Mahakavi Bharathiar in that point of time in the history of Tamils.
In April , he became the editor of the Tamil weekly 'India'. At the same time he also edited the English newspaper 'Bala Bharatham'. He participated in the historic Surat Congress in , which saw a sharpening of the divisions within the Indian National Congress between the militant wing led by Tilak and Aurobindo and the 'moderates'. Chidambarampillai and Kanchi Varathaachariyar. Tilak openly supported armed resistance and the Swadeshi movement. These were the years when Bharathi immersed himself in writing and in political activity.
In Madras, in , he organised a mammoth public meeting to celebrate 'Swaraj Day'. In , he gave evidence in the case which had been instituted by the British against 'Kappal Otiya Thamizhan', V. In the same year, the proprietor of the 'India' was arrested in Madras. Faced with the prospect of arrest, Bharathi escaped to Pondicherry which was under French rule. Portrait of Bharathy by K. He also edited and published 'Vijaya', a Tamil daily, Bala Bharatha, an English monthly, and 'Suryothayam' a local weekly of Pondicherry.
Under his leadership the Bala Bharatha Sangam was also started. The British waylaid and stopped remittances and letters to the papers. Both 'India' and 'Vijaya' were banned in British India in The British suppression of the militancy was systematic and thorough. Tilak was exiled to Burma. Aurobindo escaped to Pondicherry in Bharathi met with Aurobindo in Pondicherry and the discussions often turned to religion and philosophy. Aiyar also arrived in Pondicherry in and the British Indian patriots, who were called 'Swadeshis' would meet often.
They included Bharathi, Aurobindo and V. Padmanabhan in his Biography of V. Aiyar writes: Bharathi was a convinced believer in constitutional agitation. Aurobindo had given up politics altogether He was arrested and imprisoned in the Central prison in Cuddalore in custody for three weeks - from 20 November 20 to 14 December.
Cell in Central Prison, Cuddalore where Bharathy was imprisoned He was released after he was prevailed upon to give an undertaking to the British India government that he would eschew all political activities. These were years of hardship and poverty.
Eventually, the General Amnesty Order of removed all restrictions on his movement. Bharathy met with Mahatma Gandhi in and in , Bharathy resumed editorship of the Swadeshamitran in Madras. That was one year before his death in Today, more than 80 years later, Subaramanya Bharathy stands as an undying symbol of Indian freedom and a vibrant Tamil nationalism. Sundaram in his biographical sketch of Subramania Bharathy concludes: His was a name to conjure with, at any rate in South India, while he was still alive.
But his fame was not so much as a poet as of a patriot and a writer of patriotic songs. His loudly expressed admiration for Tilak, his fiery denunciations in the Swadeshamitran, and the fact that he had to seek refuge in French territory to escape the probing attentions of the Government of Madras, made him a hero and a 'freedom fighter'. His lilting songs were on numerous lips, and no procession or public meeting in a Tamil district in the days of 'non- cooperation' could begin, carry on or end without singing a few of them Bharathi's love of Tamil, both the language as it was in his own day and the rich literature left as a heritage, was no less than his love of India When he claims for Valluvan, Ilango and Kamban, Bharathy does so not as an ignorant chauvinist but as one who has savoured both the sweetness of these writers and the strength and richness of others in Sanskrit and English Post a Comment Home Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom dilip said This comment has been removed by the author.
December 8, at 5: Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Felixander Falgui. Louise Regan. Francisco Faggioni. Abdul Bari. Sanjeev Kumar. Siva Saran. Makarand Khare. Uttam Kumar Ghosh.
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Muhammad Mynul Hossain. He wanted to free his country men from all shackles, wanted them to rise up in the estimation of the world, wanted to see a new land peopled by men and women of a new type altogether. He found the people enveloped in fear. Fear was written on their very faces. They were afraid of anything and everything. Not only did they fear the foreigner and his gun but their own brethren chanting some slogans.
They were afraid of ghosts and phantoms. Hence Bharati wanted his countrymen, to drive out fear from their mind to shed off inferiority complex.
He instilled into their minds hope and courage, he placed before them their own hidden powers and pointed out to them, how that innate power is being wasted, the slumber of the masses, their gross ignorance, and superstition, their inferiority complex and their caste prejudices.
World Freedom Movements and India But Bharati knew fully well, that it was the age of the common man, the era of democracy and he wanted the people to fight for freedom.
He did not deliver mere devotional hymns to the divinities nor did he send poetic appeals to the princes of the land. He addressed the man with the plough, the woman at the cradle and even the children at the play grounds. He did not, like the poets of a bygone age, point out ancient scripts in support of freedom, but placed before the masses, the world events of importance, and the freedom movements of distant lands.
He announced to the people, the dawn of freedom in Italy through the marvelous resurrection of the masses, thanks to Mazzini the patriot. One who is not afraid of pointing out the follies and foibles of his own people, one who is not afraid of showing to his own people, how slow they are in thought and action whereas peoples of other lands were moving fast and faster to a nobler sphere of activity and life.
He was not afraid of the privileged class, and did not falter to place the full facts before the people. Do you argue, that things ancient ought, on that account, to be true and noble!
Fallacies and Falsehoods there were from time immemorial, and dare you argue that because these are ancient these should prevail? And why after all should you embrace so fondly a carcass of dead thoughts. He gave a moral code for the masses, not unrelated to life, as some of the ancient codes, were. He boldly differed from the ancient codes and placed before the people, a new vision altogether.
He refused to allow the thought of Maya philosophy to have a hold on the people. He ridiculed that theory strongly and infuriated the Ashramites, but he was not afraid of the consequences.
Service to Humanity Hunger and poverty and ignorance, he will not tolerate, and he raises his powerful voice against the tyranny of the rich, and threatens the whole world with dire consequences even if a single individual is made to starve.
He wants the people to lead a full life, develop their faculties, improve their commerce, industrialize their land and enjoy all the benefits of the new era. His religion is not to be priest craft and slogan shouting: It is his task to make the people realize new truth, take a new path, and get a new process of valuation altogether.
It is his task to release the people from the clutches of the Astrologer, and place before them the Astronomer. His is the task to push aside the priest so that the teacher can get a place. Superstition is to be fought out so that science can flourish. And there are men for the job and it will be finished. Nandhivarman http: In it was converted into a research center to which from all over the world people have come. Such laudable exercises must be continued by successive governments to foster French and Tamil cultural exchanges by translating literatures belonging to both languages.
But during his lifetime Bharathiar had struggled to bring out his works in print. The ordeals of Poets in the colonial era to see their masterpieces in print could be easily understood by a letter through which Mahakavi Bharathiar sought financial support from his well wishers. In an open appeal written in , the Great Bard of Tamil Renaissance states, "All of my manuscripts, accumulated labour of my 12 year exile have arrived here from Pondicherry.
They are to be divided into 40 separate books. Most of my works which I have selected for publication are prose, stories, sensational at the same time classical, very easy, lucid, clear, luminous and all but too popular in style and diction and at the same time chaste, pure, correct, epic and time 8 defying.
His words further down in the same appeal will be enough to portray the missionary zeal that burnt in him. These words firmly reflect the inner feelings of the most enlightened Tamil mind of our times, which was destined to leave an everlasting impact on the Tamil society.
It should also be mentioned that Aurobindo Ghose lauded the flowery language of Bharathiar in that story. Nanjunda Rao of Chennai who was immensely pleased ordered for copies and many letters of appreciation poured in from all quarters. Kuvalai Kannan read those letters to Bharathiar hoping he would be pleased.
But Bharathiar stated as follows: Padmanabhan in Chitra Bharathi, a compilations of pictures and historical notes on Bharathiar. Tamil Medium At that point of time when all men of letters under colonial rule were crazy over the proficiency in the tongue of the ruling classes, Bharathiar stands apart as a champion of the Tamil cause.
Let me reproduce his views in verbatim: Nor do I blame the good and learned Professor Geddes for his innocent comparison of the revival of Indian languages with the Gaelic revival in Wales and in Ireland.
I do not know if Gaelic has any extensive and living literature. But I feel it is high time to remind all parties concerned, in the discussions like this, that most of the Indian languages have great, historic and living literatures. Of course their luster has been slightly dimmed by economic conditions during these later days. The Tamil language for instance has a living philosophical and poetical literature that is far grander, to my mind, than that of the vernacular of England.
For the matter of that, I do not think that any modern vernacular of Europe can boast of works like Kural of Valluvar…" so goes on the Great Bard. This quality and courage of conviction is rare among the educated of his times and even today the ignorance of the educated towards the grandeur of the Tamil language and their wild goose chase of the foreign language continues unabated even after the wise counsel by Bharathiar. The list of the essays will reveal the subjects that were near and dear to his heart.
Feminism Of particular mention is his voice for the cause of feminism. Speaking about the greatness of womanhood the Poet stands apart with no sign of male chauvinism, a characteristic flaw that causes even today gender bias and female infanticide.
For it is not only among Indians but also among the European and the Chinese and the Japanese and the Hottentots as, indeed all brutes and birds and insects, that the female has been content, till now, to occupy an enslaved, or if you please, a subordinate place to the male.
A forerunner for the cause of feminism he had left his imprint by way of many articles and poems. It is this belief more than anything else that makes people insensible to the injurious results of caste. If you really have your justification in ethnology or hydrostatics, then you have been cheating people during all these centuries by telling them a different story. No science can justify cheating".
The scientific temper, which the poet possesses, is what anyone who cares for fellow beings will want to inculcate in a caste- ridden society.
The Poets are conscience keepers of their culture and the society in which they hail, and in unmistaken terms Bharathiar registers his voice of protest against the caste-infected society. The Hindu in its sub- editorial dated 12 th September records the demise of this great poet thus: The deceased was an ardent nationalist, a great thinker, a shining speaker and a powerful writer.
He is the author of number of Tamil works including National songs.