words you need to know / Murray Bromberg, Melvin Gordon. p. cm. Panorama of Words," where you will find a valuable sentence reference for each of the words you have learned. The material .. k. basic, elementary. ____ irate. Words You Need to Knowhas been expanded and updated with more-- A good knowledge of collocations (typical word combinations) is essential for. Barron's Words You Need to Know . description in words, sketch .. essential. interject interrupt. interloper an unauthorized person.
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what Words You Need to Know has been offering through the five earlier editions and Definitions Now that you have seen and used the new words in sentences, and have the definitions “on .. k. basic, elementary. irate l. clever. not merely a local.. will always come at the top of the list. If you 'cheat' and have a look on your 50 Mathe Vocabular y Words Kids Need to Know 4. To the Teacher: Words was originally designed as a week program to conform to Because the salesman was essential to the business.
Definitions Match your new words to their definitions. Limplore b. The parable may be found teaching a moral lesson in the Bible. A quick search of Google Earth brings our ever-changing planet to our screen. In addition, constructive efforts should be taken to induce people to involve themselves in projects for improving intergroup relations. I'm from Missouri a skeptic.
Pyrrhic victory a too costly victory Skid Row Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Achilles heel weak spot apathy unconcern, lack of interest Radha Krishna. Lily Das. Vamsi Jasti.
Kanishk Rai. Binyam Kebede. Mahidhar Nyayapati.
Moinul Haque. Angela Gabriela. Imrul Chowdhury Anindya. Humayun Altaf Khan. Aditya Acharya. When Mrs. Vincent, 16, and Elena, 15, admitted to having stirred up the protest. They gave as their reasons the poor quality of food served and the dirty environment. Suarez told them, was inexcusable, and she ticked off a list of reasons that made their conduct dangerous and subject to school discipline.
I would have investigated and, if there was merit to your charges, would have taken the necessary action.
However, on leaving her office, Elena told an assistant principal that in a similar incident on a television show she learned that direct, dramatic action usually gets quicker results than lengthy debate. He advised her to bring that question up in her social studies class when she returned from suspension. We were one of the first to have a showdown on the topic of long hair for boys.
Two honor students, Ron Harris and Len Chester, were sent to the principal by their French teacher, an implacable foe of nonconformists, who went into a paroxysm of anger when she spied the boys in the hall.
At first it seemed like a simple case. What had started as a local skirmish now began to take on the appearance of a full-scale war. LThe detective was in his search for the murder weapon. Saying that it was beyond his , Judge Klein refused to rule on the case. LAfter the , the feuding families agreed to patch up their differences. To my mind the decision was unreasonable and. Public opinion had been marshaled against them.
No longer was it a simple case of disciplining two wayward lads. Suddenly it had taken on the appearance of a nightmare in which the principal was either hanged in effigy or pictured in cartoons making a villainous swipe at the two innocent Samsons.
Clearly a compromise was called for to resolve the turbulent situation. Sample Sentences In which of the following newspaper headlines do the new words belong? Following an executive session, the school board ordered the principal to terminate the suspension and to send the boys back to class forthwith.
Unless it could be shown that their presence disrupted the learning process, there was no reason to bar the boys. But some of the sting was taken out of the victory when the boys appeared in school the next day with their hair clipped to a respectable length. Everyone breathed a sigh of relief. Just as things were about to revert to normalcy, however, the same French teacher then demanded that a girl be ousted from school for wearing a mini skirt. Upon seeing the show, he called the TV studio 3.
After taking the drug, she began to 5. The arrest of the spy did much to countries. In the area of vocabulary study, however, the only rule that makes sense to all is that true mastery derives from continuous practice. Match the twenty words with their meanings. Which two review words are almost synonymous? The current Mrs. The former Mrs. Lawyer Rollins cleared his throat and began to read: No outcries.
Silence, supreme silence, reigned among the shocked audience. Just under thirty years of age at the time, Dr. Dooley had already distinguished himself by caring for a half-million sick and emaciated Vietnamese refugees. When fighting broke out in the divided country of Viet Nam, the northern Communist Viet Minh forces surged southward, scattering thousands of refugees before them. At the time, Dr. Dooley was a lieutenant, assigned to a tranquil naval hospital in Yokosuka, Japan.
When Richard III violated the of the church to seize the princes, he exceeded his jurisdiction. Tom Dooley pitched in to build shelters in Haiphong, and to comfort the poor Vietnamese there before that besieged city fell to the powerful Viet Minh forces.
He was seemingly unconcerned by the many privations he had to endure. For his services, Dooley received the U. He told the story of this exciting experience in Deliver Us from Evil, a best seller that alerted America to the plight of the Vietnamese as well as to the sinister menace of communism.
By running up a white flag, the troops indicated their desire to withdraw from the fray. Citizens of several Kentucky mountain communities are by the worst poverty in the nation. Albert Schweitzer endured considerable as a jungle doctor.
Lafflict b. JLprivation d. Dooley returned to Laos to set up a mobile medical unit. Because the Geneva Agreement barred the entrance of military personnel to the country, he resigned from the Navy and went to work as a civilian. That story is told in The Edge of Tomorrow. But his trained medical eye soon told him that the pain in his chest and back was a harbinger of a malignant cancer. LSprinting all over the court, the referee called one foul after another. The excellent soup was a of the delicious meal to follow.
His normal weight of was cut in half, and even the pain-killing drugs could no longer bring relief. Knowing that he did not have long to live, Dr. The lines of Robert Frost kept reverberating in his mind during those fretful days: LWith slowness, the minute hand inched its way around the clock.
Around income tax time faces are ubiquitous. Dooley was selected by the U. There may be no connection between success of that type and an expanded vocabulary — but one never knows. From Week 8 Choose the word that makes sense in each of the sentences below. LEric was afflicted , besieged with an inoperable ailment. The octogenarian refused to succumb , surge to pneumonia. The remote, ubiquitous mayor was photographed in four different parts of the city yesterday.
We were worried lest the hostages be suffering from sanctuary, malnutrition. The tranquil , sinister tone of the spring morning was suddenly broken by the loud explosion. The privations, harbingers that the poor people endured in their ghetto apartments were reprehensible. The children were emaciated, fretful when awakened from their nap. We were asked to swap horses in midstream, cool our heels while waiting for the bus.
Which verb means to extract, to get something out of? Which adjective describes an action that is based on a whim? Which adjective tells you about children who are very bright for their age? Which adjective can be substituted for enthusiastic? When we call a garbage collector a sanitary engineer, which noun comes to mind? Which adjective describes a combative, quarrelsome person? Which verb is a good synonym for scold?
What do you indulge in when you belittle that which you cannot possess? Which adjective describes a poverty-stricken person? Which two nouns are almost synonymous?
Muslim fundamentalists were active in providing relief to the survivors in the form of food, water, blankets, and tents to house the more than families made homeless by the disaster. Barnum rejected the extortion attempt. Then come to me and I will estimate the value of your services as a publicity agent. A man who seeks the limelight should not care what is written about him but should be concerned only when they stop writing about him. President Obama found that texting was an to his communication skills.
Newspapers give space to the virulent activities of those agitators on the grounds that they are newsworthy. TV producers and radio executives, seeking for sensationalism, often extend a welcome to such controversial characters.
Lentourage b. Since we cherish freedom of speech, we are loath to deny the request, even if he preaches hatred. As a result, hate-mongers are given the opportunity to rent halls, conduct meetings, publish abusive literature, and solicit contributions. What can be done about them? One astute observer, Prof. Without the warmth of the spotlight, he feels that the bigot will freeze and become ineffectual. Definitions Match the new words with their definitions.
Fineberg urges community-relations organizations to scrutinize the nefarious activities of hate-mongers and to be prepared to furnish information about them to amicable inquirers. When a rabble-rouser is coming, those organizations should privately expose him to opinion-molders. In addition, constructive efforts should be taken to induce people to involve themselves in projects for improving intergroup relations.
Once again, use those words in original sentences. After all, some said, it was a problem solely for a small group of intravenous drug users who shared dirty needles, and for the homosexual community.
Those predictions proved to be inaccurate. In October , former Surgeon-General C. Everett Koop said that he doubted we would ever find a cure for the disease.
It was difficult to explain, but the similar sensations in the past had been accurate — trouble was on the way. When the phone rang, he recoiled with fear — it was his wife and she was hysterical. Their son had been bitten by a mad dog! When the black cat crossed her path, Ellen had a of disaster. As the snake prepared to strike, the girls in horror. She blamed her absence from the game on the weather, but we knew that was sour grapes.
As soon as Jerry Hart could get the pertinent facts from his wife, he dashed out of the office on his way home. Visions of an ugly mastiff with foaming jaws obsessed him. A crowd of people had gathered in front of his house so that Jerry had to force his way through them. LThe stockbroker was with the idea of becoming a painter. After the tension, his normally ruddy face was and tired.
Secondly, the elusive dog had frustrated all attempts to find him so far. Finally, the decision would have to be made whether Bobby was to undergo the painful vaccination administered daily for two weeks.
Hart said that a neighbor who had seen the dog claimed that it had been foaming at the mouth, barking, and growling constandy — all symptomatic of rabies. Hart sat down to think about their next step. Most viewers hate it when a commercial is into a suspense drama. A11 his life he found happiness , but wealth easy to come by. Actually, it is caused by a live virus from the saliva of an infected animal. If saliva gets into a bite wound, the victim may get rabies.
The virus travels along the nerves to the spine and brain. Once the salient characteristics appear ten days to six months then death is imminent. Also, muscle spasms and convulsions. Hart said. Seeing the player, the manager dashed out onto the field. In addition, you will have seen many of those words used several times in subsequent lessons. Start by matching the 20 words with their meanings. Of course, each movie carries with it a rating that indicates its suitability for certain age groups, either because of its subject matter, language, presentation, or level of violence.
A director who specializes in making gory films involving monsters, vampires, and brutal serial killers boasted in a college lecture that his work was in good taste. The station was inundated with phone calls but all leads were fruitless. After biting Bobby it vanished. The six-year-old was too concerned with the bites he had received to see where the dog disappeared to. Twenty-four hours had passed without result, and even if the rabies could not be corroborated, Jerry was determined to see that his son received the vaccine.
At the suggestion of some friends, he organized a comprehensive search party, zealously fanning out in circles around the supermarket. They knocked on every door, inspected every dog, and came back empty-handed. Although the Harts were sick with worry they had to be coerced into going to sleep , little Bobby seemed to be in great spirits. Lcorroborate b. By meticulously checking the registrations of every red station wagon in the neighborhood and then cross- checking dog licenses, the police narrowed the search to four owners.
After a few telephone calls, the apologetic owner was located and directed to bring her muzzled German shepherd to the Hart domicile. The lax owner, Mrs. Jerry Hart noticed for the first time in two days that his uneasy feeling had departed. Because the German shepherd was not rabid, the necessity for the painful treatment was obviated. Little Bobby was treated to an ice cream sundae and a Walt Disney double feature.
The neighbors searched for other lurid happenings, and Jerry Hart went back to his office. The necessity for preparing sandwiches was when the picnic was postponed. Hamlet remembered that Yorick was always ready with a lusty. Lconjecture 8. We know that those who get the message of this book, true vocabulary mastery, will make few such errors. If you were able to get them all right, think of antonyms for numbers 7, 8, 10, 17, and Lead us not into Penn Station.
As a result, Ms. They lived in the Sarah Dessert and traveled by Camelot. Her advice: Foy, that he was quitting as an accountant to become an actor, the man was convulsed with laughter. After Mr. Monte confessed that he had been developing ulcers as an accountant, and when his psychiatrist suggested that the sickness was a result of inhibitions, Monte agreed.
Now a fortuitous opportunity to get into show business required Monte to make an immediate decision. Foy stormed out of the office, muttering incoherently about hippies, beatniks, and others of that ilk. Since the company would stage five major plays during the summer, as well as a half-dozen shows for children, there was a chance that Monte might actually get a part before too many weeks had elapsed.
The remuneration would be nominal but at last Monte Ziltch would be fulfilling a life-long ambition. Lprestigious a. All through those weeks, Monte painted, carried, nailed, collected, ran, studied, and perspired. He had expunged all traces of debits and credits from his mind, burying himself in the more flamboyant world of the theater.
But now there was an open audition to cast the final show of the season. It was to be a jaunty original comedy, given a summer tryout prior to a Broadway opening. Unfortunately, the competition was too rough — but the director assigned Monte to a less ostentatious part. And so for the first two weeks in September the stage-struck accountant had a two-minute, two-line part.
What was his role? At first, their use may be conscious, even studied. However, the squeaks will soon disappear. Try a few this weekend. Note the resemblance between flamboyant and ostentatious. From Week 12 Choose the word that makes sense in each of the sentences below. LThe senator went into a lengthy diatribe, remuneration about government waste in the military budget. Most reformers are seeking to create a schism, utopia. Lorraine was criticized sharply for the ostentatious, nominal way in which she furnished her apartment.
Anyone so ilk, timorous should not have been selected to guard the castle. My brother was promoted to a prestigious, flamboyant job in his company. Although his speech was anathema, jaunty we were able to sense its underlying seriousness.
LThe failing grade was expunged, truncated from her record when she submitted the excellent term paper. The bookkeeper is such an integral, incoherent part of our organization that we pay her a very high salary. We marched in front of the embassy with placards, inhibitions held high. When the media can hold the attention of so sizable a chunk of couch potatoes, it pays to scrutinize it closely.
A student at Stanford University, doing her doctoral thesis on the unusual popularity of the afternoon talk shows, noted the fierce competition among those programs for guests who are off the beaten track.
According to her: And say what you want about good taste, millions watch us every day, and as long as the ratings are that healthy, sponsors will pay good money to be identified with us.
The scientists were alarmed by incontrovertible evidence of surreptitious German experiments, and they asked for speedy approval. Italian-born Enrico Fermi was the ideal man to lead the atomic research. Already in he had won the Nobel Prize for work with radioactive elements and neutron bombardment. Fermi had found a haven from the Fascists his wife was Jewish and he knew that if the Germans were the first to develop an atomic bomb it would mean that Hider could subjugate the entire world.
The international race for atomic supremacy was on. Lincontrovertible b. It consisted of layers of graphite, alternated with chunks of uranium. The uranium emitted neutrons, and the graphite slowed them down. Holes were left for long cadmium safety rods.
By withdrawing those control rods Fermi could speed up the production of neutrons, thus increasing the number of uranium atoms that would be split fission. When the rods were withdrawn to a critical point, then the neutrons would be produced so fast that the graphite and cadmium could not absorb them. In that manner a chain reaction would result. The big question remained — was it viable? After two years of confinement in a dungeon, the prisoner was thin and wan.
Fermi moved his materials to an abandoned squash court under a football stadium at the University of Chicago. His pace accelerated because they were proceeding on the premise that the Germans were close to atomic success. Six weeks after the pile had been started, its critical size was reached. Almost fifty scientists and several incredulous observers mounted a balcony to watch. One physicist remained on the floor; it was his job to extract the final cadmium control rod.
Unbearable tension permeated the atmosphere. Fermi completed his calculations, waited for a propitious moment, and then gave the signal. After twenty-eight minutes he curtailed the experiment, giving the signal to replace the control rod. The normally reserved scientists, unable to repress their excitement, let out a tremendous cheer and gathered around Fermi to shake his hand.
The young couple was disappointed to see the state of their new house. You now have the chance to see whether you remember their definitions. Lucas, a super sniffer, to work. Jagusak has already taught his pound porker-detective how to find cocaine, hashish, and marijuana. While some law enforcement officials were A at first, they quickly became believers when they saw the Sherlock Holmes of the sty locate underground drug scents that had eluded trained dogs.
Dorie was black, and the highest job to which he could then aspire in the U. Navy was that of messman. While Dorie was technically a member of a great fighting fleet, he was not expected to fight.
Most Army and Navy officers inveighed against blacks as fighting men. Although blacks were nettled by such overt prejudice, Dorie Miller apparendy accepted being relegated to the role of a messhall servant.
Now, as he poured the coffee, Dorie was wondering why the airplanes above were making so much noise on a peaceful Sunday morning. Sample Sentences Use the new words in the proper blanks.
When they tried to the star to a minor role she was furious. Jumping up from his supine position, the powerfully built messman from Waco, Texas, headed for the deck.
Everywhere that Dorie looked he saw smoke and mammoth warships lying on their sides. Overhead, dozens of Japanese dive bombers controlled the skies without a U. The havoc was enormous.
Management is sure to any request for increased remuneration. Definitions Match the new words with their meaning. He dragged his captain to safety and turned back to see that the machine-gunner had been killed. Dorie took the big gun and trained it on the incoming bombers. Within the space of ten minutes he was credited with destroying four bombers while dodging the bullets of their fighter escorts.
The enemy scurried away, having struck the incisive blow that precipitated U. Amidst the dead bodies and the ruined fleet were the heroes such as Dorie Miller. The Navy had attempted to stereotype him, but Dorie changed all that.
Although he could have accepted a sinecure at a U. Philadelphia lawyer v. Ellen Kaner, a Dallas chemist. They admitted that the phrase in question, one of selected by computer chips, was a mistake. Not only will we remove it immediately but will swap with anyone who bought the offending doll.
Danny had confessed to complicity in the killing of his brother-in-law after the police had refused to allow him to see his lawyer. Despite the fact that Danny later recanted his confession, he was found culpable and jailed. Two of the words are very close in meaning.
He proposed that lawyers be entitled to sit in when the police question a suspect but the Illinois courts rejected that on the grounds that it would effectively preclude all questioning by legal authorities.
Legal aid, said the judges, must be instandy available to a suspect. The Battle of Midway was a victory in the U. Each case was heard on its merits, and in numerous instances people who had been convicted of serious offenses were freed because of the new standards established in the Escobedo case. After getting out, Danny was not a paragon of virtue, according to the police. He led a nomadic existence, drifting from job to job, and was arrested frequendy.
With asperity, and a few choice epithets, Danny referred to police harassment. Lin the desert, tribes wander back and forth, enduring much privation. In a sense, everyone who listens to you is wire-tapping your conversation. By the end of this week you will have gained a greater familiarity with words and 60 idioms — enough to educate a conscientious wire-tapper.
Numbers 1 and 13 are close in meaning. For example, one of the fast food chains ran a TV commercial that showed unattractive school cafeteria workers in hairnets, making that experience less tasty than a visit to Roy Rogers. The honeybee is a gregarious insect whose habitat is a colony that he shares with as many as 80, bees. Although the individual bees live for only a few days, their colony can be operative for several years. A cursory study of the activities of these insects reveals an orderliness and a social structure that is truly amazing.
Lgregarious b. The queen lays the eggs that hatch into thousands of female workers; some queens live as long as five years and lay up to one million eggs.
The frugal worker builds and maintains the nest, collects and stores the honey, and is the antithesis of the lazy drone, or male honeybee, who does not work and has no sting. After the workers have constructed a hive of waterproof honeycomb made from beeswax , the queen begins to lay eggs in the first cells. While some workers embellish the hive, others fly out in search of nectar and pollen.
With their long tongues they gather nectar and use their hind legs to carry the pollen from the flowers. They fly directly back to the hive and then dance around the honeycomb, their movements indicating the direction of the flowers. Meanwhile, other workers have been cleaning cells, caring for the young, and guarding the precious cache of nectar. Another special coterie is entrusted with heating or cooling the hive. Dedicated to the welfare of the queen and the entire insect community, all of these workers display a complete absence of cupidity.
The good-hearted doctor went into the jungle purely for reasons. A of bridge players made our clubroom their permanent habitat. Workers choose a few larvae to be queens, feeding them royal jelly, a substance rich in proteins and vitamins. While the queen is changing from a larva to a pupa, a team of workers builds a special cell for her. Soon the young queen hatches, eats the prepared honey, and grows strong.
After she kills any rivals who have the temerity to challenge her, an amorous note is injected. She flies from the hive and mates with one or more drones on her first flight. Then the process of egg laying begins. When her progeny saturate the hive, scouts are dispatched to find a new location, and the bees swarm after their leader to begin the amazing cycle again.
Sample Sentences Use the new words in the following sentences; remember, past tenses may be required. Television in the new century was with the rebirth of the old quiz shows. The filth of the lucre did not disturb him at all. Having bought the combination from a relative who had installed Mr.
In short, the idea was to plant fallacious documents concerning the Allied invasion of Europe upon a dead officer, have his body recovered by agents who would transmit the false information to Germany, and then observe the effects of the plan.
First, they conducted an assiduous search for a body that looked as though it had recendy been killed in an airplane disaster.
Then, a detailed history of the man had to be invented that would be so impeccable that the enemy would accept its authenticity. This meant documents, love letters, personal effects, keys, photographs, etc.
Each step was fraught with difficulty, but the schemers were unbelievably resourceful. Shortiy thereafter, the Spanish Embassy notified the British that the body had been recovered. The secret information was transmitted to the German High Command, through a labyrinth of underground networks, to be evaluated.
Subsequently, when the actual attack took place, Allied casualties were minimized. After the war, Commander Montagu received a medal from the king of England. At the presentation ceremony, the king politely inquired where the young officer had earned his citation. When Osama Bin Laden was killed, our public had reason to. But Major Martin, undoubtedly, would have known all the words below — do you? Note the similarity between numbers 13 and The U.
Benson had claimed that whatever money he collects on the street can be compared to the funds raised by legitimate charities, and, therefore, he is entided to a federal deduction. She countered that, if Jack merely sat on a street corner with his hand out, the government had a good case. With a mixture of innate movements and learned ones, some laboratory chimps now have an extensive vocabulary. It is irrelevant that Washoe cannot actually talk. Several years ago, two married researchers embarked on an interesting project: The animal did beautifully, convincing the couple of the inherent ability of the chimpanzee.
They can press buttons, manipulate levers, avoid shocks, etc. When food is placed out of reach, the animals can prepare a ladder of boxes to reach it. With the aid of his long, powerful hands he can swing rapidly from tree to tree and cover considerable ground in his peregrinations.
Chimps are loyal in their conjugal relationships, taking only one mate at a time. The warmth of Mr. However, higher animals who apply themselves can master all of them.
Note the similarity between numbers 8 and 9. Labor Department, court officials, legislators, religious groups, and community agencies. His story is repeated by hundreds of others who have been treated shabbily by corrupt contractors. Until sufficient funds are allocated by state and federal agencies, and until there is the proper public response, these abuses will continue.
Following a bloodless coup, his nephew, Prince Schubert, took command of the poor nation. Sample Sentences Based upon your understanding of the new words, as discovered from the context, use the correct words in the following sentences.
Those who had been jailed on false charges were exonerated by special tribunals. In addition, Prince Schubert was able to get the United States to underwrite a substantial loan that would enable him to start a program of public works. Even so, Ruritania was still in desperate trouble. LI plan to the stereo set and clean all the components. Speaking on radio, the young reformer explained the reasons for higher taxes and food rationing; he was blunt when he stated the need for personal sacrifices.
Use the new words in the following sentences yourself. The words that you are about to review, however, are all legitimate, acceptable dictionary words. Despite the lack of hard evidence, some people continue to believe that the depths of our lakes and isolated mountain caves remain the dwelling places of fantasy figures.
Now, a new star for the credulous has surfaced. Nevertheless, the legends, which have a life of their own, happily, have brought thousands of tourists and business to the Okanagan Valley.
Ogopogo comes from an English music hall song: Public health officials are quick to indict the insects as carriers of viruses that cause yellow fever and polio.
Although past evidence has been somewhat nebulous, recent studies also show that an allergy to roaches may contribute significantly to asthma. Little wonder, therefore, that the pesky cockroach is under attack. When the grand jury refused to him, the mobster was exonerated. Upon entering a cellar that is redolent with their aroma, you are not likely to forget the odor.
No one can accuse the hungry and thirsty bugs of being abstemious. Advanced Grammar in Use Third edition is a fully updated version of this best-selling grammar title. Now in full colour, and with an updated page design, this Third edition retains all the key features of clarity and ease-of-use that have made the book so popular with learners and teachers alike Cambridge University Press, Vocabulary in Use is the perfect study aid for anyone using English for their academic work.
Ideal for students of any discipline, from engineers or social scientists to business students or lawyers, it covers all the key vocabulary they will come across in academic textbooks, articles, lectures and A good knowledge of collocations typical word combinations is essential for fluent and natural-sounding English.